Ball Python Poop Main

Reptile poop is so fascinating because it can reveal so much about our cold-blooded pets. Depending on its appearance, consistency, and frequency, we can tell whether there’s something wrong with our Royals or if they’re perfectly happy. Here’s how.

Understanding How Ball Pythons Poop

A ball python’s pooping process is pretty similar to what other animals do. The snake gets hungry, it munches on some delicious food, which then passes through the digestive tract. Once all the nutrients are absorbed, the snake excretes the remnants. Sounds pretty straightforward, right?

 

Well, the biggest difference between ball pythons, and reptiles in general, is that they eliminate poop, and pee from an opening called the cloaca, and not the urethra or anus.

The Poop Frequency

Another thing that all snake-owners should know is that reptiles don’t start expelling their waste until they’ve completely digested it. So depending on how big their meal was, their poop frequency may vary, and shouldn’t cause a lot of concern.

 

Also, instead of making a few tiny deposits, snakes will have a single big one, and go on about their day. With that said, the process can last anywhere from a couple of days to weeks.

 

The first sign that something’s wrong with our ball python is if it poops a few times in between meals. That means that it might be experiencing diarrhea or is sick.

Ball Python Poop

What Exactly Does Healthy Poop Look Like?

Those who had their pet pythons for a while will already know what healthy poop looks like. But we wanted to go over it one more time, just in case. “Normal” python poop tends to be brown or black, sometimes with a chalky white part, and with small amounts of mucous.

 

On the other hand, unhealthy poop is easy to spot because it can be green, yellow, red, or white. The best course of action when we spot any irregularities is to collect a sample right away and take it to an exotic animal vet. They should test it for parasites and disease, and we’ll have an answer pretty quickly.

When Should We Be Worried?

In addition to a change of color, another telltale sign that something’s wrong is when our precious python has been constipated and hasn’t regurgitated in a while. If left unchecked, that can lead to impaction, which is a serious medical condition and requires intervention.

 

A dead giveaway that a snake is struggling with impaction is if it’s feeling sluggish and weak. At that point, there’s no time to waste, and the python needs to see a vet.

 

But before we jump the gun, there are some things we can do to help with constipation/regurgitation. For one, we need to start giving our snake smaller prey, soak their food, and offer more water. We can also increase the humidity and change their substrate.

The Bottom Line on Ball Python Poop

Honestly, we’ve only scratched the surface when it comes to ball pythons and the things that come out of them. But our general advice for all reptile-lovers is to go see a vet if they’re concerned.

 

If the snake’s poop is a strange color or it hasn’t pooped in a long while, the best person to determine what’s wrong is a professional. It’s just up to us to keep on top of the situation, and always be on the lookout for signs of trouble.

Ball Python Morph

Friendly and shorter than other snakes, ball pythons are some of the most popular snake types out there. Thanks to their easy-to-follow care instructions, ball pythons make for great beginner snakes. However, before buying one, new snake owners must make a difficult choice — what morph to buy?

What are Morphs?

Because of their unique skin appearance, some captive ball pythons are selectively bred to create specific colors or patterns. Ball python morph is the name given to such snakes.

 

Similar to humans, the genes that give each snake its distinctive color or pattern are passed on through inheritance. As a result, genes can be dominant, recessive, or codominant. Breeders can produce different types of morphs by combining those three genes:

 

  • Dominant genes hide recessive genes and dictate the color or pattern of the morph.
  • Recessive genes stay hidden until paired with other recessive genes.
  • Codominant genes have incomplete dominance and result in unique combinations of dominant patterns.

Most Common Ball Python Morphs

There are hundreds of combinations and patterns out there with each one more beautiful than the last. Let’s take a look at the most common ball python morphs and see what fits you the best.

Albino

The Albino morph is one of the most popular and impressive morphs out there. Melanin is a brown pigment that makes a normal ball python look a bit dark. However, the Albino python is unable to produce this pigment and the result is a white and faded-yellow snake with red eyes. With a price to match the looks, the Albino ball python is available for a  $400 price tag.

Spider

The Spider morph is a unique looking snake with tan-brown base colors that fade down the spine. Their pale belly and distinct dark spots on the head and body make them easily recognizable. Thanks to their spider-like appearance, the prices for such a morph go a bit above the $150 mark.

Ball Python Morph Main

Pastel

Pastel ball pythons are some of the most interesting morph types thanks to their breeding possibilities. Because the pastel gene is codominant, combining two of them results in a totally different type of snake. Ball pythons resulting from such breedings are called Super Pastel and have lighter colors and patterns. Despite its breeding potential, most Pastel snakes cost around $70, with the better looking Super Pastel going up to $150.

Ghost

Similar to Albino ball python, Ghost morphs suffer from melanin disorders. However, unlike their paler counterpart, Ghosts have hypomelanism. That results in a light tan or yellow skin, with gray patterns sometimes appearing on the snake’s belly. You can buy a Ghost ball python for $100 or more depending on the pattern it has.

Conclusion

Overall, choosing a morph boils down to personal taste. There are a lot of options — from beautiful light colors to unique patterns. As a result, ball pythons are one of the most gorgeous snake types available. No matter what you choose, every snake requires love and care. Watch out for our hissing friends and they will watch out for you!

Ball Python Feeding Chart

Taking care of cats and dogs is easy enough — you can find information about their feeding and needs just about anywhere. But what if you’re taking care of a more exotic animal, such as a ball python? Figuring out the right diet and how often you should feed it is not quite as simple. To help you give your pet the best possible care, we’ve prepared this ball python feeding chart with all the info you need!

Ball Python Feeding Chart — What You Need to Know

When you’re deciding what and how often to feed your snake, make sure to measure its weight first. The lighter the python is, the smaller the prey. Also, feeding is more frequent when the snake is still young and slowly becomes rarer as it grows.

 

But let’s convert that into real numbers for your convenience. For the first 5-3 meals, you should give your python a small pinky rat or a hopper mouse every five days. As your pet becomes larger, start feeding it bigger rodents — but do so less frequently. For instance, once its weight reaches 200-350 grams, you should start giving it adult mice and rat pups every seven to ten days.

 

Next on the list are weaned rats and jumbo mice, which you should give to your snake every 10-14 days. By then, its weight should be around 350-500 grams. At the next stage — 500-1500 grams — your python will enjoy small rats every two to three weeks. Finally, once the scales show over 1500 grams, you can give it medium-sized rats. No need to feed it quite often either — once every 28-56 days will suffice.

Ball Python Feeding Chart Main

Keep in mind that ball pythons are not all the same. While this chart provides some basic guidelines, it may not be 100% true for all pythons. So instead of blindly following it, take your pet’s needs into account. If you notice it needs feeding more frequently or prefers a different kind of prey, then adjust this chart accordingly.

Where to Buy Food for Ball Pythons

To get proper nutrition, ball pythons need to eat whole animals — just like they do in the wild. Some owners offer their snakes live rodents, but they can injure your pet while fighting to survive. Thus, the safest option is buying frozen prey and thawing it before feeding.

 

Luckily, there are numerous places where you can buy frozen rodents. For instance, your local pet store probably offers a few varieties, as well as a local breeder.

 

Beware of chain pet stores like Petsmart or Petco, though — the food is often of low quality and may give your snake food poisoning. If all else fails, you can always turn to online shops, where you’ll certainly find what you need.

In Conclusion

Taking care of a snake is no walk in the park, but with a little research, it’s not impossible either. This ball python feeding chart should give you enough info to get started. But don’t hesitate to adjust it as you get to know your pet. Soon enough, you won’t use any chart at all — you’ll know what your python needs just by looking at it!

Ball Python Scale Rot

Scale rot is a common problem many Ball Python owners encounter. If left untreated, it can be fatal. However, there are ways to prevent and treat Ball Python scale rot.

Ideally, you should check your Ball Python for scale rot at least two times a week, or even more frequently if you suspect your Python is infected. This way, you’ll know your pet snake has scale rot as soon as it appears, and you’ll be able to treat it accordingly. Here’s what you need to know about the prevention and treatment of Ball Python scale rot.

Ball Python Scale Rot Prevention

It’s always better to prevent a problem than to treat it. Here’s what we can do every day to prevent Ball Python scale rot from appearing.

Moisture Control

Snakes are highly specific about their moisture and humidity needs. Ball Pythons prefer the cage they are in at about 50-60% humidity, unless they’re shedding, in which case they like it at around 65-75%. Snakes are wild animals, so they need an environment that mimics the one they live in naturally. That’s why humidity can cause many problems in snakes, whether it’s too high or too low.

To get humidity under control, you should be mindful of two things — heat and airflow. Use heat lamps to ensure your ball python’s cage isn’t too cold. Along with keeping the temperature optimal, heat lamps burn off moisture, so high humidity won’t be a problem. Additionally, you should make sure to keep your python away from drafts, as they don’t like cold airflow.

Ball Python Scale Rot

Proper Substrate

When buying bedding, you should keep two key things in mind. Firstly, the substrate shouldn’t be too coarse because it can cause scratches and harm your snake. Secondly, it should collect feces and odors effectively.

Sand collects waste, but it’s too rough for Ball Pythons. That means it can scratch your snake, causing scale rot. Instead, you should opt for newspapers or towels. They’re gentle on the Python’s skin, collect waste, and are easily replaceable.

Cypress mulch is also a great choice. It holds enough humidity, won’t be too rough on your snake, and it looks good. However, as mites tend to live in cypress woods, you should be careful about mite infestation.

Ball Python Scale Rot Treatment

No matter what you do to prevent it, scale rot may still appear. If you notice scale discoloration, blisters, or raised scales, you should start treating your snake immediately. Here’s what you should do to treat Ball Python scale rot:

Clean the Cage and Quarantine Your Snake

Clean the cage thoroughly. You should also remove the bedding and clean everything that was in the cage. Additionally, put your snake in another enclosed space, with clean, soft towels underneath. This way, your snake can quarantine until you wash it. Clean the rest of the area where your snake usually is. Once your snake is healed, throw away any towels you used for it while it was quarantined.

Betadine Bath

Betadine baths are a great way to treat scale rot. You’ll need a large container and a bottle of betadine solution. Pierce a few holes on the lid of the container so the snake can breathe. Fill the container halfway with a mixture of lukewarm water and betadine (10:1). Place the snake in the container and close it. Leave it in for about 30 minutes, and dry it thoroughly afterward.

Conclusion

By keeping a few things in mind, you can easily prevent Ball Python scale rot. However, if scale rot does appear, you need to act fast in treating it. Early treatment of scale rot can save your Ball Python’s life.

 

Temperature for Ball Python

For humans, the right temperature usually boils down to personal preference. That’s not the case when it comes to snakes, though, as temperature affects their overall health. Ball pythons, for example, simply don’t function like they should when exposed to too much or not enough heat. Setting up the enclosure might be confusing for new owners as getting it right requires a bit of knowledge. No matter why you are here, we’ll try to help you understand all about the proper temperature for ball python.

Ball Python Temperature

Snakes are cold-blooded reptiles, meaning that they get all their required heat from the environment. In the case of improper heating and inconsistent humidity levels, they tend to stop eating and then go inactive. That is the main reason maintaining a proper enclosure temperature is so important.

 

Ball pythons are native to Africa and can be found in grasslands and savannas. As a result, the temperature they thrive in averages between 68–86°F, with spikes up to 96°F. It’s worth noting that ball pythons enjoy borrows with much lower and more stable temperatures — 72–80°F mostly.

 

All of that means that snake owners should create a thermal gradient in the pet’s enclosure — with warmer and cooler areas. Start with a warm side, with an average surface temperature of 95–100°F, and gradually lower it to 75°F tops. When it comes to night time, the average temperature for ball python can be around 75°F.

Temperature for Ball Python

It’s important to know that air temperature and surface temperature are not one and the same. While the air might feel mild, the surface temperature could be much hotter.

Temperature Tips

The first thing any ball python owner should do is to keep track of all enclosure temperatures. The surface temperature can be measured using an infrared thermometer. Meanwhile, use a normal digital thermometer for air temperature measurements. Keep in mind that the air temperature should never go over 95°F. In case you have trouble raising the heat in the enclosure, there are some devices that could help you.

 

Heating pads and lamps are just a few of the devices that can help with temperature issues. When choosing between the two, it’s important to know that both of them affect humidity. If the enclosure is already somewhat dry, using a heating lamp will make things worse. The heating pad is the ideal solution as it provides heat from below. As a result, it only changes the surface temperature and not the air. Place the pad under the substrate in the warm area for the best results. Make sure to also use a thermostat, as some heating pads tend to overheat.

 

A radiant heat panel is another product similar to heat pads. Thanks to its placement on top of the tank, a radiant heat panel will distribute heat evenly. As with the pads, it’s important to use a thermostat that will regulate the temperature of the heat panel.

 

Important: Avoid heat rocks at all costs as they are dangerous and could hurt your hissing friend.

Conclusion

Overall, snakes can make for some exotic, long-term companions. Researching the proper temperature for ball python is just the start of the journey. We recommend looking up humidity next as it’s usually tied to the enclosure temperature. In the end, while owning a snake is hard work, try to make it easier by listening to your hissing friend.

Ball Python Humidity

When people think about getting a pet, they usually think of a cat or a dog, maybe even a guinea pig. Still, an increasing number of people are starting to take interest in more… well, scaly pets, such as snakes. Among the most common choices for such a companion is the ball python. But with a unique set of requirements, ball pythons are not the right pets for everyone. Humidity, for example, is one of the most important factors of every snake’s life. If you are a new snake owner or in need of advice, here are some key aspects when it comes to ball python humidity requirements. 

What Is Humidity?

Humidity, in rough terms, is what we call the quantity of water present in the air. So let’s say we live in a rainy area — we call that a high humidity zone. Likewise, deserts are considered low humidity zones thanks to their lack of water in the air.

 

The difference between high and low humidity areas is highly noticeable. The former is described by its heavy, warm air — usually making us feel sticky. Meanwhile, the latter has very dry and rough air.

Ball Python Humidity

Ball pythons are native to west Sub-Saharan Africa — grasslands and savannas. As a result, their natural habitat has an average humidity range of 45–75% with highs of up to 90% and lows of down to 30%. Shedding, and overall health, are usually affected by those humidity levels.

 

The consensus is that the overall humidity of the enclosure should be around 50-60%. It’s also worth noting that during the shedding cycle, ball pythons need more humidity to help them get rid of that old coat. It’s also better to provide different levels of humidity — with 50% on the warm side of the tank and 70–90% on the cooler side. Usually, snakes don’t mind a bit too much humidity, but go too low and they are going to have a hard time shedding their skin.

Ball Python Humidity

Humidity Tips

Changing the water bowl is the first thing you should do in case you have high humidity problems. A smaller bowl will result in less water available to evaporate, meaning lower humidity levels overall. You can also improve ventilation. Creating holes and vents in your ball enclosure will allow the dry air to flow in, while also getting rid of the humid air. Similarly, a dehumidifier can help with the overall room humidity levels.

 

Likewise, if the air is too dry, a humidifier can help raise the humidity levels. Also, avoid using heat lamps as they will dry up the enclosure too much. Heat mats, on the other hand, provide heat from below. That makes sure that any moisture on the bottom evaporates, resulting in increased humidity levels.

 

Lastly, don’t ignore the importance of bedding. Changing it whenever it feels too damp will reduce humidity. In contrast, wetting it will result in higher humidity levels.

Conclusion

All in all, it’s important to know that ball pythons have a hard time adapting to new environments. As a result, we advise trying to mimic their natural habitat as much as possible. Ball python humidity is just a piece of the puzzle. However, with knowledge and commitment, the other shall fall into place.